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Trisomy 21: How an extra little  chromosome throws the  entire genome off balanceTrisomy 21: How an extra little chromosome throws the entire genome off balance

Deadly human pathogen Cryptococcus fully sequencedDeadly human pathogen Cryptococcus fully sequenced

Vitamin B3 might have been made in space, delivered to Earth by meteoritesVitamin B3 might have been made in space, delivered to Earth by meteorites

Appearance of night-shining clouds has increasedAppearance of night-shining clouds has increased

Planaria deploy an ancient gene expression program in the course of organ regenerationPlanaria deploy an ancient gene expression program in the course of organ regeneration

Researchers develop ErSb nanostructures with applications in infrared and terahertz rangesResearchers develop ErSb nanostructures with applications in infrared and terahertz ranges

Simplicity is key to co-operative robotsSimplicity is key to co-operative robots

Ancient shark fossil reveals new insights into jaw evolutionAncient shark fossil reveals new insights into jaw evolution

Gecko-like adhesives now useful for real world surfacesGecko-like adhesives now useful for real world surfaces

Sperm meets egg: Protein essential for fertilization discoveredSperm meets egg: Protein essential for fertilization discovered

Emerging research suggests a new paradigm for 'unconventional superconductors'Emerging research suggests a new paradigm for 'unconventional superconductors'

Chemists' work with small peptide chains may revolutionize study of enzymes and diseasesChemists' work with small peptide chains may revolutionize study of enzymes and diseases

Satellite shows high productivity from US corn beltSatellite shows high productivity from US corn belt

Running geese give insight into low oxygen toleranceRunning geese give insight into low oxygen tolerance

Researchers determine how mechanical forces affect T-cell recognition and signalingResearchers determine how mechanical forces affect T-cell recognition and signaling

The surprising consequences of banning chocolate milkThe surprising consequences of banning chocolate milk

Galactic serial killerGalactic serial killer

Babies prefer fairness -- but only if it benefits them -- in choosing a playmateBabies prefer fairness -- but only if it benefits them -- in choosing a playmate

A new twist makes for better steel, researchers findA new twist makes for better steel, researchers find

Renewable energy market share climbs despite 2013 dip in investmentsRenewable energy market share climbs despite 2013 dip in investments

Sniff study suggests humans can distinguish more  than 1 trillion scentsSniff study suggests humans can distinguish more than 1 trillion scents

Study finds gaming augments players' social livesStudy finds gaming augments players' social lives

A breakthrough in creating invisibility cloaks, stealth technologyA breakthrough in creating invisibility cloaks, stealth technology

Overcoming structural uncertainty in computer modelsOvercoming structural uncertainty in computer models

Monkey caloric restriction study shows big benefit; contradicts earlier studyMonkey caloric restriction study shows big benefit; contradicts earlier study

Researchers developed world's first fluorescent sensor to detect date rape drugResearchers developed world's first fluorescent sensor to detect date rape drug

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Turning back the clock on aging muscles?Turning back the clock on aging muscles?

New study finds differences in concussion risk between football helmetsNew study finds differences in concussion risk between football helmets

Brain Mysteries

Memory accuracy and strength can be manipulated during sleep (4/19/2014)

The sense of smell might seem intuitive, almost something you take for granted. But researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center have found that memory of specific odors depends on the ability of the brain to learn, process and recall accurately and effectively during slow-wave sleep -- a deep sleep characterized by slow brain waves. ...> Full Article


Processing new information during sleep compromises memory (4/19/2014)

New research appearing in the April 9 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience highlights the important role sleep plays in strengthening and maintaining the accuracy of a memory and hints at why the brain shuts out sensory information during periods of deep sleep. The study found that introducing new odor information to an animal while it sleeps compromises its ability to remember the difference between new and previously encountered smells while awake. ...> Full Article


Language structure... you're born with it (4/19/2014)

Humans are unique in their ability to acquire language. But how? A new study published in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences shows that we are in fact born with the basic fundamental knowledge of language, thus shedding light on the age-old linguistic 'nature vs. nurture' debate. ...> Full Article


What songbirds tell us about how we learn (4/19/2014)

What songbirds tell us about how we learnWhen you throw a wild pitch or sing a flat note, it could be that your basal ganglia made you do it. This area in the middle of the brain is involved in motor control and learning. And one reason for that errant toss or off-key note may be that your brain prompted you to vary your behavior to help you learn, from trial-and-error, to perform better. ...> Full Article


The surprising truth about obsessive-compulsive thinking (4/19/2014)

People who check whether their hands are clean or imagine their house might be on fire are not alone. New research from Concordia University and 15 other universities worldwide shows that 94 percent of people experience unwanted, intrusive thoughts, images and/or impulses. ...> Full Article


Green tea boosts your brain (4/18/2014)

Green tea boosts your brainGreen tea is said to have many putative positive effects on health. Now, researchers at the University of Basel are reporting first evidence that green tea extract enhances the cognitive functions, in particular the working memory. The Swiss findings suggest promising clinical implications for the treatment of cognitive impairments in psychiatric disorders such as dementia. The academic journal Psychopharmacology has published their results. ...> Full Article


Feelings of failure, not violent content, foster aggression in video gamers (4/18/2014)

Feelings of failure, not violent content, foster aggression in video gamersThe disturbing imagery or violent storylines of videos games like World of Warcraft or Grand Theft Auto are often accused of fostering feelings of aggression in players. But a new study shows hostile behavior is linked to gamers' experiences of failure and frustration during play -- not to a game's violent content. ...> Full Article


New research suggests connection between white matter and cognitive health (4/18/2014)

The Sanders-Brown Center on Aging recently published findings from a small cohort of participants suggesting a connection between the health of the brain tissue that supports cognitive functioning and the presence of dementia in persons with Down syndrome. ...> Full Article


Scientists identify part of brain linked to gambling addiction (4/17/2014)

Researchers believe hyperactivity in the insula could lead to problem gambling; future treatments could focus on reducing this hyperactivity. ...> Full Article


The social circuits that track how we like people and ideas (4/17/2014)

Whether at the office, dorm, PTA meeting, or any other social setting, we all know intuitively who the popular people are even if we can't always put our finger on why. That information is often critical to professional or social success. Yet until now, scientists have not understood how our brains recognize these popular people. In new work, researchers say that we track people's popularity largely through the brain region involved in anticipating rewards. ...> Full Article


Vascular changes caused by deep brain stimulation using brain MRI (4/16/2014)

Deep brain stimulation has been widely used to treat patients with movement disorders and increasing attention has been paid to its use in the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. ...> Full Article


Research method integrates meditation, science (4/15/2014)

Mindfulness meditation produces personal experiences that are not readily interpretable by scientists who want to study its psychiatric benefits in the brain. At a conference near Boston April 5, 2014, Brown University researchers will describe how they've been able to integrate mindfulness experience with hard neuroscience data to advance more rigorous study. ...> Full Article


A brain region for resisting alcohol's allure (4/15/2014)

A brain region for resisting alcohol's allureWhen a region of the brain called the lateral habenula is chronically inactivated in rats, they repeatedly drink to excess and are less able to learn from the experience. The study, published online in PLOS ONE on Apr. 2 has implications for understanding behaviors that drive alcohol addiction. ...> Full Article


Positive, negative thinkers' brains revealed (4/15/2014)

Positive, negative thinkers' brains revealedThe ability to stay positive when times get tough -- and, conversely, of being negative -- may be hardwired in the brain, finds new research led by a Michigan State University psychologist. ...> Full Article


Dopamine and hippocampus (4/15/2014)

Bruno Giros, PhD, a researcher at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University, has demonstrated, for the first time, the role that dopamine plays in a region of the brain called the hippocampus. ...> Full Article

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New Articles
Memory accuracy and strength can be manipulated during sleep

Processing new information during sleep compromises memory

Language structure... you're born with it

What songbirds tell us about how we learnWhat songbirds tell us about how we learn

The surprising truth about obsessive-compulsive thinking

Green tea boosts your brainGreen tea boosts your brain

Feelings of failure, not violent content, foster aggression in video gamersFeelings of failure, not violent content, foster aggression in video gamers

New research suggests connection between white matter and cognitive health

Scientists identify part of brain linked to gambling addiction

The social circuits that track how we like people and ideas

Vascular changes caused by deep brain stimulation using brain MRI

Research method integrates meditation, science

A brain region for resisting alcohol's allureA brain region for resisting alcohol's allure

Positive, negative thinkers' brains revealedPositive, negative thinkers' brains revealed

Dopamine and hippocampus



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