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Shape up quickly -- applies to fish, too!Shape up quickly -- applies to fish, too!

Engineers use 3-D gaming gear to give eye-opening look at cells in actionEngineers use 3-D gaming gear to give eye-opening look at cells in action

NASA's SDO watches giant filament on the sunNASA's SDO watches giant filament on the sun

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sourcesAll directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Pressing the accelerator on quantum roboticsPressing the accelerator on quantum robotics

Researchers pump up oil accumulation in plant leavesResearchers pump up oil accumulation in plant leaves

Around the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red foxAround the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red fox

Harvesting hydrogen fuel from the Sun using Earth-abundant materialsHarvesting hydrogen fuel from the Sun using Earth-abundant materials

Engineering new vehicle powertrainsEngineering new vehicle powertrains

Stunning finds from ancient Greek shipwreckStunning finds from ancient Greek shipwreck

Active aging is much more than exerciseActive aging is much more than exercise

Making oxygen before lifeMaking oxygen before life

Protecting our processorsProtecting our processors

Are the world's religions ready for ET?Are the world's religions ready for ET?

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intoleranceGut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Researchers demonstrate direct fluid flow influences neuron growthResearchers demonstrate direct fluid flow influences neuron growth

Study: New device can slow, reverse heart failureStudy: New device can slow, reverse heart failure

Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networksRecreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

First pictures of BRCA2 protein show how it works to repair DNAFirst pictures of BRCA2 protein show how it works to repair DNA

Chicxulub didn't do it all by itselfChicxulub didn't do it all by itself

Laying the groundwork for data-driven scienceLaying the groundwork for data-driven science

Parents drive kids' car choicesParents drive kids' car choices

Hold on, tiger momHold on, tiger mom

Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologiesNature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Brain Mysteries

Single-neuron 'hub' orchestrates activity of an entire brain circuit (10/21/2014)

New Tel Aviv University research makes a major contribution to efforts to navigate the brain, offering a precise model of the organization of developing neuronal circuits. If researchers can further identify the cellular type of 'hub neurons,' it may be possible to reproduce them in vitro and transplant them into aged or damaged brain circuitries in order to recover functionality. ...> Full Article


Researchers identify brain changes involved in alcohol-related sleep disturbances (10/21/2014)

A review article published online in Behavioral Brain Research provides novel insight into changes that happen in the brain as a result of chronic alcohol exposure that can lead to disruptions in the sleep cycle. ...> Full Article


Sleep twitches light up the brain (10/21/2014)

Sleep twitches light up the brainA new UI study finds twitches during rapid eye movement sleep comprise a different class of movement, which researchers say is further evidence that sleep twitches activate circuits throughout the developing brain and teach newborns about their limbs and what they can do with them. ...> Full Article


Scientists identify the signature of aging in the brain (10/20/2014)

Scientists identify the signature of aging in the brainWeizmann Institute researchers Prof. Michal Schwartz Dr. Ido Amit have found evidence of a unique 'signature' that may be the 'missing link' between cognitive decline and aging. The scientists believe that this discovery may lead, in the future, to treatments that can slow or reverse cognitive decline in older people. ...> Full Article


Using the brain to forecast decisions (10/20/2014)

In a research published on Sept. 28, 2014, in the journal Nature Neuroscience, scientists show that neural recordings can be used to forecast when spontaneous decisions will take place. 'Experiments like this have been used to argue that free will is an illusion,' says Zachary Mainen, a neuroscientist at the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, in Lisbon, Portugal, who led the study, 'but we think that interpretation is mistaken.' ...> Full Article


Modeling shockwaves through the brain (10/20/2014)

A new scaling law helps estimate humans' risk of blast-induced traumatic brain injury. ...> Full Article


How physical exercise protects the brain from stress-induced depression (10/19/2014)

How physical exercise protects the brain from stress-induced depressionPhysical exercise has many beneficial effects on human health, including the protection from stress-induced depression. However, until now the mechanisms that mediate this protective effect have been unknown. In a new study in mice, published in Cell, Swedish researchers show that exercise training induces changes in skeletal muscle that can purge the blood of a substance that accumulates during stress, and is harmful to the brain. ...> Full Article


In the face of uncertainty, the brain chooses randomness as the best strategy (10/19/2014)

A new study shows that, in competitive situations, rats abandon their normal tactic of using past experience to make decisions and instead make random choices when their competitor is hard to defeat. This switch in strategy is controlled by a brain circuit, indicating that the brain can enter a random decision-making mode when it provides a competitive edge. These findings may have implications for human disorders, in which even ordinary decision-making is viewed as ineffective. ...> Full Article


New study shows that yoga and meditation may help train the brain (10/19/2014)

New research by biomedical engineers at the University of Minnesota shows that people who practice yoga and meditation long term can learn to control a computer with their minds faster and better than people with little or no yoga or meditation experience. The research could have major implications for treatments of people who are paralyzed or have neurodegenerative diseases. ...> Full Article


How the brain gains control over Tourette syndrome (10/18/2014)

Tourette syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by involuntary, repetitive, and stereotyped movements or utterances. Now researchers have new evidence to explain how those with Tourette syndrome in childhood often manage to gain control over those tics. In individuals with the condition, a portion of the brain involved in planning and executing movements shows an unusual increase compared to the average brain in the production of a primary inhibitory neurotransmitter known as GABA. ...> Full Article


Talk therapy -- not medication -- best for social anxiety disorder, large study finds (10/18/2014)

While antidepressants are the most commonly used treatment for social anxiety disorder, new research suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy is more effective and, unlike medication, can have lasting effects long after treatment has stopped. ...> Full Article


Strategic or random? How the brain chooses (10/18/2014)

Many of the choices we make are informed by experiences we've had in the past. But occasionally we're better off abandoning those lessons and exploring a new situation unfettered by past experiences. Scientists at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Research Campus have shown that the brain can temporarily disconnect information about past experience from decision-making circuits, thereby triggering random behavior. ...> Full Article


New findings on how brain handles tactile sensations (10/17/2014)

The traditional understanding in neuroscience is that tactile sensations from the skin are only assembled to form a complete experience in the cerebral cortex, the most advanced part of the brain. However, this is challenged by new research findings from Lund University in Sweden that suggest both that other levels in the brain play a greater role than previously thought, and that a larger proportion of the brain's different structures are involved in the perception of touch. ...> Full Article


Looking for a spouse or a companion (10/17/2014)

Looking for a spouse or a companionThe increasing popularity of social media, online dating sites, and mobile applications for meeting people and initiating relationships has made online dating an effective means of finding a future spouse. The intriguing results of a new study that extends this comparison of online/offline meeting venues to include non-marital relationships are reported in an article in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. ...> Full Article


Brain scans reveal 'gray matter' differences in media multitaskers (10/16/2014)

Simultaneously using mobile phones, laptops and other media devices could be changing the structure of our brains, according to new University of Sussex research. ...> Full Article

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New Articles
Single-neuron 'hub' orchestrates activity of an entire brain circuit

Researchers identify brain changes involved in alcohol-related sleep disturbances

Sleep twitches light up the brainSleep twitches light up the brain

Scientists identify the signature of aging in the brainScientists identify the signature of aging in the brain

Using the brain to forecast decisions

Modeling shockwaves through the brain

How physical exercise protects the brain from stress-induced depressionHow physical exercise protects the brain from stress-induced depression

In the face of uncertainty, the brain chooses randomness as the best strategy

New study shows that yoga and meditation may help train the brain

How the brain gains control over Tourette syndrome

Talk therapy -- not medication -- best for social anxiety disorder, large study finds

Strategic or random? How the brain chooses

New findings on how brain handles tactile sensations

Looking for a spouse or a companionLooking for a spouse or a companion

Brain scans reveal 'gray matter' differences in media multitaskers



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